The Chippewa Indians have around 150 distinct groups (which incorporates the turtle mountain band) of Indians in the US. Indeed, the Chippewa are one of the biggest Native American Indian tribes in the United States. The general population of this Northeast American Indian tribe are additionally alluded to as Ojibwarich, Ojibway, and Ojibwe. Their way of life has developed throughout the years and now permits both men and ladies who look to wind up pioneers to be chosen as boss. The reservations where they live now likewise work like free nations with isolated schools and law authorization. Their homes, their eating regimen, their apparel and gems and even how their children are instructed have all advanced as the centuries progressed. What the greater part of this change intends to the Chippewa is that protecting the historical backdrop of the tribe is more imperative than any time in recent memory. Actualities and intriguing data about how these Indians lived is recorded beneath.
Chippewa General Facts
– The Chippewa people refer to themselves as Anishinabe, an Indian term meaning “original man” or “first man”.
– The bands of the Chippewa people occupied areas in the Northern region of the United States, reaching into Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and North Dakota, as well as part of Ontario, Canada.
– The Chippewa used birch-bark for many necessities but they were especially known for their well-crafted and graceful birch-bark canoes. Light and lean yet strong, these canoes were able to carry heavy loads through the water.
– The Chippewa not only caught different types of fish, but they also caught crayfish, mussels, frogs and turtles from the water.
– Some Chippewa crafts were made for beauty but many were made for more practical uses such as baskets, wampum, snowshoes, and moccasins. The art of the Chippewa include dream catchers and intricate beadwork.
– Woodland Chippewa lived in houses called wigwams which were made of birch-bark. Chippewa living in the Great Plains region lived in tipis made of animal hide in order to accommodate their nomadic lifestyle.
– Because there were so many bands of Chippewa (Ojibway), they relied on each other for trading. They were also close with the Potawatomi and Ottawa tribes and referred to the three tribes together as The Council of Three Fires. In contrast, they did not get along with the Sioux and the Iroquois and often fought with them.
– Once the French and English settlers arrived in the 1600’s, the tribe became involved in fur-trading.
– Women traditionally wore long dresses and kept their hair in long braids until the introduction of European styles including blouses and jackets made of cloth. Men wore breechcloths and leggings. Both men and women wore moccasins and ponchos in colder temperatures.
Chippewa Rice-Making Facts
– Harvesting and making wild rice was a very important task for the Chippewa. Rice was a major food source and was also used in many important ceremonies.
– They used special paddles during harvesting, called knockers, while wading through the water in their canoes.
– Rice making was a multi-step process involving drying, parching, hulling and finally winnowing. Much of the process is still done by the Chippewa today.