Cherokees Were The First Settlers In The Tennessee Valley Of Alabama

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Jackson County was created by an act of the legislature, December 13, 1819, and was named in honor of Gen. Andrew Jackson, who had led the army of volunteers against the hostile Creek Indians in the War of 1813-14, thereby rendering a service to the people of Alabama which called for an expression of gratitude.

Gen. Jackson, who was later president of the United States, was visiting in Huntsville at the time the first state legislature was in session and was highly pleased at the compliment bestowed upon him. Its area is 1,136 square miles or 727,040 acres.

Tennessee River Valley
Nineteen different geological formations occur in the county, the formations or cosks (?) consisting of consolidated material deposited in the ancient seas that once existed here at different periods. There was considerable variations in its deposits, as is evidenced in the rocks, which range from the pure limestone of the valleys to the sandstone capping the mountains. Nineteen soil deposits, including rough stony land and meadow, are represented.

Jackson County, Alabama
Cherokees were the first settlers in the Tennessee Valley
Cherokee traditional history holds that their people were the first settlers in the Tennessee Valley with villages extending as far west as Big Bear Creek. Prior to 1650 they withdrew, for some reason, to the east of the Cumberland and Sand Mountains, using the Tennessee Valley as a hunting ground.

Tennessee Valley
The Shawnees took possession of this abandoned territory in 1660, an act which was resented by the Cherokees and in time brought on a war between the two, the Cherokees being aided by the Chickasaws. The allied tribes succeeded in expelling the Shawnees about 1721, driving them across the Ohio River, with the exception of some bands that found a home with the Creek Indians. About 1750 the Cherokees again began the formation of settlements in the Tennessee Valley.

Mounds in this county are located on the Tennessee River, near Bridgeport, and adjacent creeks. Cemetery and dwelling sites have been found near Galland’s Ferry in which have been located many burials.

Some Jackson County, Alabama towns
The latter enclosed in stone slabs showing characteristics similar to the “stone graves” further north in the State of Tennessee. Towns and post offices in the county are:
– Aspel
– Bass Station
– Bridgeport
– Cameronville
– Dutton
– Estillfork
– Fabius
– Fackler
– Flat Rock
– Francisco
– Gonce
– Gray’s Chapel
– Higdon
– Hollytree
– Hollywood
– Hytop
– Langston
– Larkinsville
– Letcher
– Lem Rock
– Long Island
– Maxwell
– Milan
– Narrows
– Nat
– Olalee
– Paint Rock
– Pisgah
– Princeton
– Rash
– Scottsboro
– Section
– Smilax
– Trenton
– Wannville
– Woodville
– Yucca

Delegates to Constitutional Conventions
– 1861 John R. Coffey, J. P. Timberland, W. A. Hood.
– 1865 Bailey Bruce, W. J. B. Padgett, James Williams.
– 1867 Charles O. Whitney, Alfred Collins.
– 1875 Jesse E. Brown, John H. Norwood.
– 1901 P. W. Hodges, John F. Proctor, Milo Moody.

Senators
– 1820-1 William D. Gaines.
– 1822-3 Robert McCarney.
– 1825-6 Robert McCarney.
– 1828-9 Samuel B. Moore.
– 1831-2 William Barclay
– 1834-5 William Barclay
– 1837-8 Joseph P. Frazier
– 1840-41 Thomas Wilson
– 1843-4 Thomas Wilson
– 1847-8 Joseph P. Frazier
– 1851-2 Joseph P. Frazier
– 1855-6 Thomas Wilson
– 1857-8 William A. Austin
– 1861-2 F. Rice
– 1865-6 John H. Norwood
– 1868 C. H. Whitney
– 1871-2 C. O. Whitney
– 1872-3 A. Snodgrass
– 1873 A. Snodgrass
– 1874-5 A. Snodgrass
– 1876-7 L. A. Dobbs
– 1878-9 L. A. Dobbs
– 1880-1 P. Brown
– 1882-3 Preston Brown
– 1884-5 Ira R. Foster
– 1886-7 J. L. Sheffield
– 1888-9 W. W. Harlson
– 1890-1 Wm. W. Haralson
– 1892-3 W. H. Bogart
– 1894-5 W. H. Bogart
– 1896-7 G. J. Hall
– 1898-9 George I Hall
– 1899 (Spec) – George I. Hall
– 1900-01 Floyd A. Bostick
– 1903 Floyd Alexander Bostick
– 1907 J. A. Lusk
– 1907 (Spec.) J. A. Lusk
– 1909 (Spec.) Samuel Phillips
– 1911 C. W. Brown
– 1915 J. A. Lusk
– 1919 John B. Tally

Representatives
– 1821-2 William Barclay, Booker Smith, George W. Hopkins
– 1822-3 William Barclay, Alexander Dulaney, Thomas Bailey
– 1823-4 William Barclay, Samuel B. Moore, Daniel Peyton
– 1824-5 William D. Gaines, Samuel B. Moore, Daniel Peyton
– 1825-6 Philip H. Ambrister, Charles Lewis, Daniel Peyton, John Baxter
– 1826-7 William Barclay, Samuel B. Moore, William Lewis, Philip H. Arbrister
– 1827-8 James Russell, Samuel B. Moore, William A. Davis, Daniel Price
– 1828-9 James Russell, Stearnes S. Wellborn, James Smith, Philip H. Arbrister
– 1829-30 James Russell, William Barclay, James Smith, James Roulston
– 1830-1 William Barclay, John Gilbreath, John B. Stephens, Daniel Price
– 1831-2 Henry Norwood, John Gilbreath, John D. Stephens, Daniel Price
– 1832 (called) Henry Norwood, John Lusk, Benjamin B. Goodrich, Caleb B. Hudson
– 1832-3 Henry Norwood, John Lusk, Benjamin B. Goodrich, Caleb B. Hudson,
– 1833-4 Henry Norwood, Edwin H. Webster, Samuel McDavid, P. H. Ambrister
– 1834-5 Robert Jones, John Gilbreath, James W. Young, Benjamin Snodgrass, Philip H. Ambrister, Wyatt Coffey
– 1835-6 Henry Norwood, Joseph P. Frazier, John Berry, William King, Stephen Carter, Washington F. May
– 1836-7 Robert T. Scott, Joseph P. Frazier, John Berry, William M. King, Benjamin Snodgrass, Samuel McDavid
– 1837 (called) Robert T. Scott, Joseph P. Frazier, John Berry, William M. King, Benjamin Snodgrass, Samuel McDavid
– 1837-8 Robert T. Scott, C. M. Cross, Alva Finley, William M. King, Thomas Wilson, Daniel Lucas
– 1838-9 William Mason, James Williams, Alva Finley, F. A. Hancock, Thomas Wilson, McNairy Harris
– 1839-40 Robert T. Scott, James William, F. A. Hancock, Thomas Wilson
– 1840-41 G. R. Griffin, E. W. Williams, Joshua Warren, James Smith
– 1841 (called) G. R. Griffin, E. W. Williams, Joshua Warren, James Smith
– 1841-2 William L. Griffin, Philip H. Ambrister, Wm. M. King, James Smith
– 1842-3 Robert T. Scott, E. W. Williams, Alva Finley, James Munday
– 1843-4 Benjamin Franks, James Williams, Joseph P. Frazier, F. A. Hancock
– 1844-5 Robert T. Scott, James Williams, Moses Maples, Williamson R. W. Cobb
– 1845-6 C. F. Williams, James Williams, W. R. W. Cobb
– 1847-8 Robert T. Scott, James Williams, F. A. Hancock
– 1847-8 Robert T. Scott, James Williams, F. A. Hancock
– 1849-50 Benjamin Franks, Thomas Wilson, J. C. Austin
– 1851-2 Joshua Stephens, Thomas Wilson, J. C. Austin
– 1853-4 Robert T. Scott, James M. Green, H. C. Cowan
– 1855-6 W. R. Larkins, Moses Maples, F. A. Hancock
– 1857-8 John B. Talley, J. S. Eustace, J. M. Cloud
– 1859-60 P. G. Griffin, Jonathan Latham, J. M. Hudgins
– 1861 (1st called) P. G. Griffin, Jonathan Latham, J. M. Hudgins
– 1861 (2d called) John B. Talley, Jonathan Latham, T. T. Cotman
– 1861-2 John B. Talley, Jonatham Latham, T. T. Cotman
– 1862 (called) John B. Talley, Jonathan Latham, T. T. Cotman
– 1862-3 John B. Talley, Jonathan Latham, T. T. Cotman
– 1862 (called) P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
– 1863-4 P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
– 1864 (called) P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
– 1864-5 P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
– 1865-6 W. J. B. Padgett, James Williams, Henry F. Smith
– 1866-7 W. J. B. Padgett, James Williams, Henry F. Smith
– 1868 J. W. Daniel, W. F. Hurt
– 1869- 70 J. W. Daniel, W. F. Hurt.
– 1870- 1 W. F. Hurt, J. H. Cowan.
– 1872—J. H. Cowan, W. F. Hurt.
– 1872- 3 J. E. Brown, J. H. Cowan.
– 1873 J. E. Brown, J. H. Cowan.
– 1874- 5 W. J. Higgins, W. M. Maples.
– 1875- 6 W. J. Higgins, W. M. Maples.
– 1876- Wm. McFarlane, Samuel Butler.
– 1878-9—G. D. Campbell, James Evans.
– 1880-1—W. H. Robinson, J. H. Vaught.
– 1882-3—S. H. Glover, C. W. Hunt.
– 1884-5—W. H. Bogart, I. P. Brown.
– 1886-7—P. P. St. Clair, W. M. Maples.
– 1888-9—W. H. Bogart.
– 1890-1—W.H. Clanton, T. B. Parks.
– 1892-3—S. W. Frazier, J. H. Roach.
– 1894-5—W. McC. Maples, J. H. Roach.
– 1896-7—P. B. Timberlake, Virgil Bouldln.
– 1898-9—Milo Moody,Calvin Rousseau.
– 1899 (Spec.)—Milo Moody, Calvin Rousseau.
– 1899-01—J. R. Johnson, G. W. Bullman.
– 1903—William Henry Bogart, Samuel Wiley Frazier.
– 1907—James Armstrong, James S. Benson.
– 1907 (Spec.)—James Armstrong, James S. Benson.
– 1909 (Spec.)—James Armstrong, James S. Benson.
– 1911—J. T. Brewer, W. J. Martin.
– 1915—C. W. Brown, P. H. Whorton.
– 1919—J. C. Austin, P. H. Whorton.

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