California American Indian Facts

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In this segment of Native American Indian Facts you will discover data about the American Indian tribes that at present or that have occupied California. There are a greater number of Indians in California than some other state in the U.S. More than 100 tribes have occupied California or parts of California. In this area we list many fascinating realities about the indigenous individuals of California including, their history, culture, tribal customs, who the well known men and ladies were, the manner by which the Indians survived, where they lived, and the adornments they wore. Beneath there is a rundown of a few of these tribes took after by a rundown of truths about the Native Americans of California. This data is composed for both children and grown-ups.

List of American Indians who inhabited California
Achumawi
Atsugewi
Cahuilla
Chemehuevi
Chilula
Chimariko
Chumash
Cocopah
Ohlone
Cupeno
Diegueno (Kumeyaay)
Esselen
Gabrielino (Tongva)
Halchidhoma
Hupa
Juaneno
Karok
Kashaya
Kato
Kawaiisu
Kitanemuk
Klamath
Konkow
Lassik
Luiseno
Maidu
Mattole
Miwok
Modoc
Mojave
Mono
Nisenan
Nomlaki
Nongatl
Northern Paiute
Panamint
Patwin
Pomo
Quechan
Salinan
Serrano
Shasta
Shoshoni
Sinkyone
Southern Paiute
Tataviam
Tolowa
Tubatulabal
Wailaki
Wappo
Whilkut
Wintu
Wiyot
Yana and Yahi
Yokuts
Yuki
Yurok

Facts about California American Indians
– People have inhabited California for over 19,000 years. It is possible they have lived there for much longer. These early inhabitants crossed a land bridge that use to exist across the Bering Straits from Asia to Alaska. Eventually these settlers made their way throughout America including south into what is now California.
– The oldest human skeleton discovered in California (and arguably in North America) is approximately 13,000 years old. The skeleton, named the Arlington Springs Man, was discovered on Santa Rosa Island.
– Due to an excellent food supply and a mild climate the Indian population flourished in California. Prior to the arrival of Europeans it is estimated approximately 300,000 Indians lived there.
– Unlike other regions of America Indian tribes located in California were generally isolated from other regions and even other tribes within California. This isolation was due to landforms such as high mountain ranges and long deserts.
– California generally has a mild climate and therefore the Indians who lived there wore very little clothing. In some colder areas they would wear skins and furs in the winter.
– Europeans started to explore and settle California in the 16th century.
– Before arrival of the first European settlers and explorers California had the highest Indian population north of Mexico.
– Epidemics such as malaria devastated the Indian population of California. Their population was reduced from approximately 200,000 in 1800 to near 15,000 by 1900.
– At one point, before the arrival of Europeans in North America, there were over one hundred different languages spoken by the indigenous people of California.
– The Modoc War (also called the Lava Beds War) was the last of the Indian Wars to take place in California. The war started in November 1872 when the U.S. military tried to force a small number of Modoc Indians back to a reservation. The Indian warriors, even though greatly outnumbered, fought for seven months before finally being defeated.
– The last wild Indian in America was from the Yahi tribe of California. His name was Ishi, and in 1911 he wandered out of the wild near Oroville California.

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